Patsavos The long-awaited common celebration of Pascha on April 15, by all Christians has come and gone. It was in when this coincidence last occurred and will be in when it occurs again. In anticipation of this common observance by all Christians, much was said and written. What was stressed was the need to keep alive the momentum of the occasion. Unless we all understand the significance of this event, it will remain nothing more than a peculiarity of the calculations related to the date of Pascha. In one sense, that is what it is. But in another sense, it is the convergence of all that we as Christians in the East and West profess regarding the centrality of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ as the cornerstone of our faith.
The word originally denoted the Jewish festival known in English as Passover , commemorating the Jewish Exodus from slavery in Egypt. Paul states, “Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast—as you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed”;  this refers to the Passover requirement to have no yeast in the house and to the allegory of Jesus as the Paschal lamb. By the Roman period, however, the sacrifices were performed in the mid-afternoon.
Josephus, Jewish War 6. Philo, Special Laws 2.
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This article was first written in and then appeared in the Word Magazine in It should be noted that the article objectively examines the origin, history and methods for dating Pascha. In fact, the author closes his article with a reaffirmation of the current Orthodox Unity in celebrating our most important Holy Day. The last paragraph clearly echoes the sentiment of the First Ecumenical Council that the dating of Pashca should be done, “With one accord and in the same manner”.
This year the Jews observed Passover on March The reason why Orthodox and Western Christians celebrate at different times is because we still go by the old Julian calendar in calculating the date of Pascha, even though we go by the new calendar for all the fixed feasts like Christmas and so on. Protestants and Roman Catholics use the Gregorian Calendar for everything.
Being a fixed day on the old Hebrew calendar, it could fall on any day of the week. It is important to note that Christ died on the Cross at the very hour the paschal lambs were being slaughtered for the Feast; thus Christ is our Pascha, our Passover Lamb, sacrificed for us. Strictly speaking, then, we must distinguish between the Feast of Pascha on Holy Friday and the Feast of the Resurrection on Sunday ; the two are inseparable though distinct.
The date of Pascha in the Early Church The early Church in the East continued to observe Pascha on the eve of the 14 th of Nisan, according the Jewish Calendar, with the Resurrection on the third day, that is on the 15 th. That meant that the Resurrection could fall on any day of the week.
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Take the Lent quiz now! Why do some refer to Easter as Easter and others use Lent or Pentecost and what is the significance of each? In the Catholic Church, the year is divided into liturgical seasons based on significant events in the life and earthly ministry of Jesus Christ as well as the great Mysteries of our Faith. The Church Year, as it is called, begins with Advent, which is celebrated as four weeks of preparation before Christmas. Catholics are called to live liturgically by actually entering into the Church year.
When were the statues erected? The dates of Easter Island are currently in flux in that the traditional dates have been challenged, so two different sets of dates must be given. The dates from the island depend on radiocarbon dating. These dates depended mostly on pollen analysis. There are many deep bogs in Easter Island in the craters of the volcanoes and it is possible to take a core through the bog showing the successive layers of the build-up, and analyse the pollen found in the different layers.
When John Flenley did this he was able to show that Easter Island was originally wooded, covered with dense forests. But then the tree pollen declined, and flecks of charcoal appeared in the peat core indicating that the forests had been burnt, presumably by man. And from this the theory arose that the forests had been destroyed by the arrival of the Easter Islanders, and that this led to an ecological disaster. But one of the advantages of pollen analysis is that the bog itself is formed of vegetable matter, which is basically carbon and can therefore be dated, as some of the carbon would originally been radioactive carbon 14, the gradual decay of which provides the basis for radio carbon dating.
Most of the dates therefore are not dates for the erection of the statues but dates for the decline of the tree pollen in the bogs.
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Share The English term, according to the Ven. Bede De temporum ratione, I, v , relates to Estre, a Teutonic goddess of the rising light of day and spring, which deity, however, is otherwise unknown, even in the Edda Simrock, Mythol. April was called easter-monadh. The Greek term for Easter, pascha , has nothing in common with the verb paschein , “to suffer,” although by the later symbolic writers it was connected with it; it is the Aramaic form of the Hebrew pesach transitus , passover.
The Greeks called Easter the pascha anastasimon ; Good Friday the pascha staurosimon. The respective terms used by the Latins are Pascha resurrectionis and Pascha crucifixionis.
Roman Catholics, Protestants, and Anglicans, as well as members of the Armenian Apostolic Church , all celebrated Easter very early this year, on 23 March. Meanwhile, it is still one week until Passover and two weeks until Orthodox Easter. I am still looking at two more weeks of fasting, while my Anglo-Catholic friends are already half-way to the Ascension! It has long been a principle of the Church that all Christians should celebrate the Resurrection on the same day.
A number of councils, such as the Synod of Whitby , tried to get all the Christians in a region on the same page with respect to the date of Easter. How did we get to the current anomalous situation?
Determining the Dates for Easter and Passover
Bergren, Lisa Tawn Easter Easter is the holiday that celebrates and commemorates the central event of the Christian faith: Easter is the oldest Christian holiday and the most important day of the church year. All the Christian movable feasts and the entire liturgical year of worship are arranged around Easter.
Easter monday is the day after easter sunday and is a holiday in some monday in the western christian liturgical large doggie doors for sale calendar is the second day of eastertide and analogously in the byzantine rite is the second day of bright
Part 2 of this article will discuss how the timing of the Lord’s death and resurrection had been foreshadowed in the Passover ceremony, which becomes a doctrinal argument in the discussion. Pratt has a Ph. He is the father of five children and is Sunday School president in his Kaysville, Utah, ward. Notes It should be noted that the conclusions in this article are based on scriptures, historical sources, and astronomy, in all of which there are elements of uncertainty.
The interpretation of scripture as it relates to history is often very difficult, history itself is by nature inexact, and astronomical calculations can only be accurate to within certain tolerances. Moreover, judging the relative importance of data is a subjective enterprise, especially when conflicting evidence comes from different fields. However, the consistency discovered in the scriptures is thought to be of interest to Latter-day Saints.
Two excellent summaries of this subject are: Princeton University Press, The weekly cycle has not been changed nor interrupted since Jesus lived, so our Sunday still corresponds to the first day of the week at that time. Worldwide Church of God, Alfred Marshall, The R.
How the Dates for Greek Easter Are Calculated
Much of the confusion stems from ambiguity in the biblical account. All four gospels clearly state that Jesus rose from the grave on the first day of the week now called Sunday , three days after the crucifixion. They also, however, refer to the Last Supper with relation to Passover, which begins on Nisan 15 see the Jewish calendar. The synoptic gospels imply it was a Passover meal, but John says it was on the day before Passover Nisan I won’t go into the doctrinal disputes to which these ambiguities gave rise.
The interested reader should consult the “Easter” entry in a good encyclopedia of theology e.
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Guy Consolmagno December 16, This column first ran in The Tablet in January The archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby has recently [ ] announced discussions to redefine the date of Easter. Pope Francis and various leaders of Eastern churches have also expressed interest in a common date that all churches would celebrate together. The Gregorian Reform of defined Easter via an arbitrary formula.
When Christopher Clavius published his explanation of the reform, he included tables for the moveable feasts tied to Easter, valid until the year ! Easter was originally the Sunday following Passover, the first full moon of the Hebrew year. But the start of the Hebrew year varied from year to year. Jewish months, 29 days long, mirror the phases of the moon, and so every three or four years an extra month is needed to keep that lunar calendar in phase with the seasons.
After the destruction of the Temple in AD 70, there was no central Jewish authority to determine when to add that month. Instead, Jews of the Diaspora relied on a Greek formula devised in BC by Meton to add seven intercalary months over a repeating 19 year cycle. It was clever; and it almost worked. It too was clever, and almost worked.
A year is defined by the length of time from season to season — originally, spring to spring.
Easter in the Early Church
Notice About Easter Dating There are three possible Easter dates depending upon the year and your cultural and religious persuasion. Most Easter information elsewhere on the Web is written with the author’s own circumstances foremost. This article gives just the alternatives. In June A. Here is a table showing all Paschal Full Moon Dates: Sadly, many definitions of Easter on the Internet and in Encyclopaedias and Almanacs are misleading, ambiguous and just plain wrong!
As Easter approaches each year, national attention turns toward the Resurrection of Jesus. Sadly, most news outlets treat Jesus skeptically during this important Christian season, challenging if he truly lived and if he rose from the grave.
The English term, according to the Ven. Bede De temporum ratione, I, v , relates to Estre, a Teutonic goddess of the rising light of day and spring, which deity, however, is otherwise unknown, even in the Edda Simrock, Mythol. April was called easter-monadh. The Greek term for Easter, pascha, has nothing in common with the verb paschein, “to suffer,” although by the later symbolic writers it was connected with it; it is the Aramaic form of the Hebrew pesach transitus, passover.
The Greeks called Easter the pascha anastasimon; Good Friday the pascha staurosimon. The respective terms used by the Latins are Pascha resurrectionis and Pascha crucifixionis. The Romance languages have adopted the Hebrew-Greek term: Also some Celtic and Teutonic nations use it: The word is, principally in Spain and Italy , identified with the word “solemnity” and extended to other feasts, e. The feast Easter is the principal feast of the ecclesiastical year.
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What is Ash Wednesday? Ash Wednesday takes place after Shrove Tuesday , or Pancake Day, when rich foods like eggs are used up before Lent and the fasting period begins. Read More Happy Pancake Day! What is it and why do we celebrate Shrove Tuesday?
Ecclesiastical history preserves the memory of three distinct phases of the dispute regarding the proper time of observing Easter. It will add to clearness if we in the first place state what is certain regarding the date and the nature of these three categories. First phase The first was mainly concerned with the lawfulness of celebrating Easter on a weekday.
We read in Eusebius Church History V. The dioceses of all Asia , as from an older tradition, held that the fourteenth day of the moon, on which day the Jews were commanded to sacrifice the lamb, should always be observed as the feast of the life-giving pasch [epi tes tou soteriou Pascha heortes], contending that the fast ought to end on that day, whatever day of the week it might happen to be. However it was not the custom of the churches in the rest of the world to end it at this point, as they observed the practice, which from Apostolic tradition has prevailed to the present time, of terminating the fast on no other day than on that of the Resurrection of our Saviour.
Synods and assemblies of bishops were held on this account, and all with one consent through mutual correspondence drew up an ecclesiastical decree that the mystery of the Resurrection of the Lord should be celebrated on no other day but the Sunday and that we should observe the close of the paschal fast on that day only. A letter of St. Further, Irenaeus states that St.
Polycarp , who like the other Asiatics, kept Easter on the fourteenth day of the moon, whatever day of the week that might be, following therein the tradition which he claimed to have derived from St. John the Apostle , came to Rome c.
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Patrick’s Day , standardization Tomorrow is March 17, the feast of St. Patrick of Armagh, Enlightener of Ireland. Jewish lunar months begin with the New Moon, and the 14th of each month traditionally marks the Full Moon at the middle of that lunar month. The priests used to adjust the calendar each year by visual confirmation of moon and equinox, adding time to the calendar to make this happen, since the revolution of the Moon around the Earth is not synchronized with the revolution of the Earth around the Sun.
So for them it was the Sunday after the full moon at or after the equinox.
“Easter Saturday” (the Saturday before Easter Sunday) is a public holiday in every state except Tasmania and Western Australia, while Easter Sunday itself is a public holiday only in New South Wales. Easter Tuesday is additionally a conditional public holiday in Tasmania, varying between award, and was also a public holiday in Victoria until
If you are new here, be sure to subscribe by email or feed reader so that you don’t miss any future posts. You can also check out the Top Posts page to get a feel for the site. The Jewish calendar year begins in late September or early October with the celebration of Rosh Hashana. Unlike our calendar which is based on the solar year, the Jewish calendar uses twelve lunar months of 29 to 30 days in length. The new moon marks the beginning of each month with the full moon occuring halfway through the month.
The seventh month in a normal Jewish calendar year is the month of Nisan also called Abib in the Old Testament. Passover is celebrated on the 14th day of Nisan at the time of the full moon.